If you have been diving the Balearic islands, or basically anywhere in the Mediterranean, you will have encountered the Two Banded Seabream (Diplodus Vulgaris). Though arguably not the most exciting sea creature we may encounter it still deserves a proper introduction. It is one of our most frequent dive buddies after all.
Scientific – Diplodus Vulgaris
English – Two Banded Seabream
Spanish – Mojarra
Catalan – Variada
As a member of the Seabream family the Two Banded Seabream has a lot of relatives all over the Mediterranean and black seas and the Eastern Atlantic ocean, some of which we have the reason to come back to at a later point.
It is most commonly found along the coast in shallow waters down to 30m depth, but can be found all the way down to 160m. You will find it among the rocks, in the Posidonia and on sandy bottoms.
The Two Banded Seabream is a social fish and is usually seen in small groups with other specimen. Sometimes also with seabream relatives such as the white or common seabream as seen in the background in this photo.
As it’s a bit of a prick it will typically follow sand digging fish like mullets on sandy bottoms and try to steal their food.
It’s quite indifferent to divers and will typically stick around without paying you too much attention.
Adults mainly feed on crustaceans, worms and mollusks.
Two banded Seabream is an important food fish in the Mediterranean and is a common catch for artisan fisherman. Larger specimen may be the catch in sport fishing and spearfishing.
Minimum catch size in Mallorca for spearfishing
Western Mediterranean – October to November.
IUCN Red List Status
Green – least concern